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Gum Disease: What is it and How Do You Stop It?

Neglecting oral hygiene is the leading cause of gum disease. Gum disease simply means that the tissue and bone surrounding the tooth is infected. If not addressed early on, gum disease can spread and result in tooth decay and even tooth loss.

Stages of Gum Disease

There are three stages of gum disease known as gingivitis, periodontitis and advanced periodontitis. The last stage is obviously the most serious and although treatable, it requires aggressive treatment. It is advisable that you visit your dentist as soon as you notice the first sigs of gum disease.

Stage 1: Gingivitis

Gingivitis is often painless and therefore easy to miss. There are however a few warning signs that you may be developing the first stages of gum disease including;

  • Tooth sensitivity

  • Bleeding gums especially when brushing

  • Red and/or sore gums

Fortunately, gingivitis is very treatable and the condition is easily reversible if you seek dental attention soon after noticing any or all of these symptoms.

Stage 2: Periodontist

This is the next stage of gum disease progressing. It is imperative that you visit a dentist urgently if you notice any of these symptoms;

  • Pain during eating

  • Constant bad breath

  • Loose teeth

  • Persistent foul taste in the mouth

  • Pus on gums

  • Receding gum line (your teeth appear bigger)

Although this stage of gum disease is not as reversible as gingivitis, treatment mainly involves curbing the infection so it doesn’t spread and destroy additional tissue. Aggressive treatment is required for this stage.

Stage 3: Advanced Periodontist

Most people don’t reach this stage as the symptoms are often too painful or uncomfortable in the first and second stages. Treatment is still possible but again, the best course of action is to visit your dentist as soon as you notice the first signs of gum disease.

Preventing Gum Disease

Proper oral hygiene and dental care is the first and most important defense against gum disease. Brushing at least twice a day and flossing every day goes a long way to prevent the issue. Make a dental appointment at lease twice every year. The dentist can spot early onset of gum disease even before you begin to experience the symptoms.

It is also important that you are aware of the causes of gum disease. Besides poor oral hygiene, other causes include;

  • Chewing tobacco and smoking

  • Pregnancy

  • Genetics

  • Strong medication such as cancer therapy medication, steroids and calcium channel blockers

  • Diabetes

Remember to practice proper oral hygiene as your first line of defense against gum disease. Make sure that you know how to brush and floss properly, and that you regularly visit the dentist. Gum disease is treatable but it is best to avoid it in the first place whenever possible. 

Posted by: Admin Admin on 2/21/2018
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Best Vitamins For Your Smile

As you age, your gums and teeth also change. Proper dental care and consuming a healthy diet could help you maintain a strong and beautiful smile. Certain minerals and vitamins also help encourage oral health. In spite of these benefits, numerous people tend to overlook the significance of good nutrition in maintaining a beautiful smile. While a healthy mouth and beautiful smile are indeed pleasing, paying attention to your oral health is of great importance.

 

Vitamin A

Vitamin A is beneficial in developing healthy gums and teeth. This vitamin also comprises beta-carotene, which has anti-oxidant properties. These anti-oxidants aid in the elimination of free radicals, which describe chemicals that hasten decay in your body. This vitamin is also an important element of the production of your tooth enamel. A deficiency in this vitamin could lead to overgrown gums, gum disease, and bleeding gums. A diet lacking in this vitamin will result in the slow recovery of gum infections. Moreover, a lack of this vitamin is associated with abnormal tooth and bone formation.

 

Vitamin C

Also called ascorbic acid, this vitamin is water-soluble. It aids the absorption of iron and promotes the development of strong gum tissue and teeth. A deficiency in this vitamin results in loose teeth, bleeding gums, and mouth sores. It is advisable to take this vitamin daily. Lack of this vitamin increases your susceptibility to infection, gum disease, and bleeding. Furthermore, if you suffer from periodontal disease, you have an increased likelihood of swelling and bleeding.

 

Vitamin D

This is one of the major elements that your body requires for appropriate phosphorus levels and calcium absorption, which are vital for your bones and teeth. This vitamin also helps keep tooth cavities at bay, thereby enhancing your smile. This vitamin functions alongside calcium since Vitamin D enhances calcium absorption. Adequate calcium is essential to your teeth's structure. A diet that lacks or is low in vitamin D could result in burning mouth syndrome.

 

Vitamin B complex

This vitamin is also vital to maintaining oral health. This is because a deficiency could cause your lips to crack and bleed.  A deficiency could further produce lesions and open sores outside and inside your mouth. Besides discomfort, open sores increase the likelihood of viruses, bacteria and other contaminants entering your blood stream. Deficiencies in this vitamin could also worsen gingivitis and cause sores in your tongue, gums, and other soft mouth tissues.

 

Vitamin B3

A deficiency in this vitamin could cause canker sores and bad breath. Therefore, you should increase your intake of foods such as fish and chicken.

Posted by: Admin Admin on 8/21/2014
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