Signs of Gum Disease

Gum disease is a silent disease that is often not noticed until it has reached its advanced stages. It begins with the growth of bacteria in the mouth and often ends with tooth loss if not treated properly.

 

Common causes of gum disease

 

  • Plaque resulting from poor oral hygiene is the most common cause of gum disease. The buildup of plaque can result in gum disease if proper dental hygiene is not practiced for an extended period of time.
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  • Hormonal changes that result in gum sensitivity can make it easier for gum disease to develop. These changes may occur during pregnancy, menstruation, menopause and puberty.
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  • Drugs that cause a reduction of saliva flow can also cause gum disease. Saliva has a protective effect on the gums and teeth. Restricting or reducing the flow of saliva will result in growth of bacteria in the gums.
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  • Drugs that can result in the abnormal growth of the gums can cause gum disease. These drugs include Procardia, an anti-angina drug and Dilantin, an anticonvulsant.
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  • Illnesses that affect the condition of the gums can result in gum disease. These diseases may result in a change in gum condition indirectly e.g. HIV and cancer result in the suppression of the immune system thus allowing for the free growth of bacteria in and around the gums.
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  • Habits that affect the condition of the gums such as smoking can result in gum disease.
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  • Genetics.
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Symptoms of gum disease

 

Gum disease can progress silently and often goes unnoticed until it is in its more advanced stages. However some of the most common symptoms of gum disease are:

 

  • Gums bleeding during or after brushing teeth
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  • Receding gums
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  • Reddening of the gums. The gums are also tender and swollen.
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  • Teeth become loose or shift in their sockets.
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  • A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite down.
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  • The development of deep sockets in the gums around the teeth.
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  • A persistent bad taste in the mouth accompanied by bad breath.

 

Gum disease may still be existent even in those who don’t exhibit the above symptoms. The disease may only affect a few teeth in some people while in other people it may affect the entire gum. Because the disease may progress silently, it is advisable to see a dentist on a regular basis. Your dentist will be able to pick up on the signs and symptoms of the disease early and treat the disease to prevent its progression. 

Posted by: Admin Admin on 11/15/2014
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