Dry mouth describes a condition that normally originates from reduced saliva production. At times, this condition can make it hard for you to speak and could result in malnutrition. Severe dry mouth and the dysfunction of salivary glands could produce permanent and significant throat and mouth disorders. Furthermore, they can impair your life. Everybody experiences dry mouth occasionally, especially when upset or nervous. However, when you frequently have a dry mouth, this could be an indication of severe medical problems. A dry mouth could affect your capacity to enjoy food and the condition of your teeth. Decreased saliva produces problems because saliva aids the prevention of tooth decay by restricting bacterial growth and removing food particles.
- A dry feeling in your mouth
- Frequent thirst
- Cracked lips
- Sore throat
- Difficulty swallowing and speaking
- Increased tooth decay, gum disease, and plaque
- A burning sensation in your mouth
- Dry eyes
- Pale gums
You experience a dry mouth when your salivary glands are not functioning properly. This might lead to insufficient saliva production. Numerous factors are responsible for this condition:
This condition is a common side effect of several nonprescription and prescription medications. Drugs that could produce this condition include those that treat anxiety and depression, decongestants, hypertension medications, and antihistamines.
Aging is not a risk factor for this condition. However, older people have a higher likelihood of taking drugs that may cause this condition. Furthermore, older persons have a higher likelihood of experiencing other medical conditions that could produce this condition.
A surgical procedure or injury that results in nerve damage of your neck and head area could produce this condition.
Conditions that contribute to dehydration such as diarrhea and excessive sweating could produce a dry mouth.
Other medical conditions
Dry mouth could arise from other health conditions or their treatments for instance diabetes, HIV/AIDS, and Parkinson's disease.
The treatment for this condition will largely depend on the cause. If you suspect certain medications are responsible for your dry mouth, discuss with your physician. Your physician may adjust your dosage or switch you to another medication that does not cause a dry mouth. Your doctor might also recommend medications such as pilocarpine to stimulate the production of saliva. In severe instances, your dentist might recommend fluoride-filled teeth coverings to protect you against cavities. Other home remedies that could manage this condition include drinking water particularly during a meal.