Bleeding gums occur when the gum is irritated or damaged. This can be caused by gum disease that occurs when plaque accumulates on the gum. It could also be because of damaging the gum during brushing and flossing. Apart from these, bleeding gums can be a sign of serious health disorders. When plaque accumulates on the teeth it leads to the gums getting inflamed in a condition called gingivitis.
When the plaque is not removed it can turn into tartar when it hardens and can cause serious gum and jaw disease, periodontitis. It is best to follow the correct brushing and flossing procedures to promote good oral health. This will ensure that you get rid of plaque that forms on the teeth and gum. You will also protect your gums from damage when brushing. Using a toothbrush with soft bristles is also helpful to protect your gum.
Other factors that can cause bleeding gums include:
- Changes in hormones when a woman is pregnant
- Dentures that do not fit
- Bleeding disorders
- Lack of Vitamin K
- Use of blood thinners
- Brushing hard and longer than necessary
- Flossing the wrong way
- Gum or teeth infection
When you discover that you have bleeding gums, you can talk to your dentist or doctor who will assess to find out the cause of the bleeding. You can take care of your oral hygiene and do it the right way in order for the bleeding to go away. Bleeding can be excessive and this is an indication that something is not right. You should be very concerned when the bleeding continues for a very long time, is not controlled by treatment and if there are additional symptoms.
Based on the cause of the bleeding gums, there are a few things that you can do apart from observing proper oral hygiene. You can rinse your mouth with salty water or diluted peroxide mouthwash. If your bleeding is due to deficiency in your diet, you should take the supplements that will help you to correct the problem. Have your doctor change any medication that is causing your gums to bleed so that you can stem it.
You can use a piece of gauze that is soaked in ice water to stop the bleeding by applying pressure on the gum. This is an effective procedure that you can do right away when the gums start to bleed.